FATTY ACIDS, ALCOHOLS OR AMINO ALCOHOLS
A great number of simple glycolipids are found in bacteria, yeasts and in lower organisms (sponges). These compounds are composed of a glycosyl moiety (one or several units) linked to one hydroxyl group of a fatty alcohol or of a phosphorylated alcohol (phosphoprenols), a hydroxy fatty acid or to one carboxyl group of a fatty acid (ester linkage) or to an amino alcohol. These compounds frequently possess interesting physical or biological properties. Some of them are industrially produced for their detergent properties (alkyl glycosides).