These lipids consist of a mono- or oligosaccharide moiety linked glycosidically to the hydroxyl group of glycerol which may be
acylated (or alkylated) with one or two fatty acids. Furthermore, these
glycolipids may be uncharged and, therefore often called neutral
glycoglycerolipids, or may contain a sulfate or a phosphate group.
The last IUPAC recommendations for the nomenclature of glycolipids may be found on the IUPAC site.
According to their structure they may be classified into the following groups: